1.4: Using a keyboard Level 3

How to put information (words and numbers) into your computer

  • What a keyboard looks like
  • What the different keys do and how to use them

What a keyboard looks like

  • A keyboard is for putting information such as letters, words and numbers into your computer. The keys are the individual buttons you press when you type
  • The number keys run across the top of the keyboard and are also on the right of the keyboard
  • The symbol keys to the right of the letters include symbols such as the question mark and full stop
  • The keys that surround the letters, numbers and symbol keys on the left, right and bottom of the keyboard, help you to choose where and how you type
  • The letter keys are in the centre of the keyboard

Using the keys

  1. When you open a document or click in a box to type, you will see a flashing vertical line. This is the cursor. It tells you where you are going to start typing on the page or screen
  • Press the letter keys for letters. You will notice they are laid out in a non-alphabetical order This is called a QWERTY layout
  • Press the number keys for numbers and press the symbol keys for symbols
  • Pressing the Shift key lets you type capital letters and the symbols at the top of the keys
  • The Shift keys are on the left and right of the keyboard, with the arrow pointing upwards
  • For symbols at the top of a number key, press down the shift key and then type the symbol
  • You can use the Shift key to type any symbol at the top of a key
  • When you let go of the Shift key you will begin to type lower case letters and numbers again
  • The Caps Lock key lets you write in capital letters. To turn it on, press it once and then type To turn it off, press it again

Putting in spaces, moving your cursor and deleting text

  • The Space Bar puts a space between words. You press it once to put in a space
  • The Tab key puts a bigger space between words. You press it once to put in a space
  • The Enter key moves your cursor down a line
  • The Arrow keys let you move your cursor in all directions on the page or screen – up, down, left and right
  • To delete your typing, you need to put your cursor to the right of a word. Press the Backspace button to delete your word. The cursor will move to the left and delete as it goes
  • Windows Keys are located at the bottom of the keyboard. The can open and close the start menu. Press the windows key once to open the menu and once to close

Basic Shortcut Keys

Single Keys

ESC This key is great if you accidental click something or are not sure that’s why it’s called the “Escape” key

Dual Keys – you can use these keys by holding down the CTRL button with your little finger and using your index finger Select the same key. If you are struggling with this try holding CTRL with your left hand and tapping the other key with your right.

CTRL + A is used for selecting text
CTRL + C is used for copying text
CTRL + V is used for pasting text that has been copied
CTRL + Z is used for undoing any mistakes made
ALT + Tab is used for switching between Active Windows